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Pumpkin Spice Data Analytics

One of the most hotly debated topics in autumn is, of course, the existence of pumpkin spice everything – from pumpkin spice lattes and coffee drinks to absurd parodies like pumpkin spice brake pads. Some people love it, while other people hate it; pumpkin spice is as hotly contested as any binary argument, like Red Sox vs. Yankees.

But what is this mysterious substance? According to Wikipedia, pumpkin spice, or pumpkin pie spice, is a spice mix composed of 4-6 ingredients:

  • Cinnamon
  • Nutmeg
  • Ginger
  • Cloves
  • Allspice
  • Mace

That begs the question, out of all these products being promoted as “pumpkin spice”, how many of them actually contain pumpkin spices?

We decided to have a bit of fun by analyzing 178 of the world’s pumpkin spice foods from the Open Food Facts mega-database to see just how many “pumpkin spice” branded foods actually lived up to their names and contain pumpkin spices. Take this with a grain of pumpkin spice; some food brands bundle all their spice ingredients together as “spices” or “natural flavors”, and we have no way of knowing what’s actually included or not.

  • Cinnamon: 81.5% of foods did NOT list cinnamon as an ingredient
  • Nutmeg: 90.5% of foods did NOT list nutmeg as an ingredient
  • Ginger: 91% of foods did NOT list ginger as an ingredient
  • Cloves: 92.7% of foods did NOT list cloves or clove anything as an ingredient (including clove oil)
  • Allspice: 94.4% of foods did NOT list allspice as an ingredient
  • No one listed mace.

In total? 80.9% of foods that are branded “pumpkin spice” have no identifiable pumpkin spices in them, based on their ingredients list:

pumpkin spice data analysis

So… what exactly are we eating, then, when we consume “pumpkin spice”? We ran a term frequency algorithm to categorize the most commonly-listed ingredients:

pumpkin spices

Yes, the most common ingredient in “pumpkin spice” is sugar. Lots of it. In fact, the average calories per 100 grams in anything branded pumpkin spice is a whopping 1,522 calories. For reference, an average human adult’s caloric intake should be between 1,700 and 2,300 calories per day; 100 grams of pumpkin spice anything puts you close to that daily allotment.

Interestingly, those foods which contain actual pumpkin spices (shown below in the orange bar) are slightly lower in calories (though not by much):

Average Calories Per 100G of Pumpkin Spice Foods Analysis by TrustInsights.ai


Finally, which brands manage to use actual pumpkin spices? Our congratulations go to Bread & Chocolate, Starbucks, Hy-Vee, Stauffers, and two dozen others:

Which Pumpkin Spice Foods Contain Actual Pumpkin Spices? Analysis by TrustInsights.ai

Thank you to these brands for using actual pumpkin spices of any kind in your ingredients.

While this is a fun romp through pumpkin spice, the takeaway for all of us is that understanding and analyzing data about nearly any topic is a knowable, doable task. Understanding your data isn’t impossible, and if you can do it with pumpkin spice ingredients, you can do it with nearly any kind of data that’s meaningful and impactful to your business. So while you enjoy that latte or baked good that may or may not contain real pumpkin spices, mull over what data you have in your marketing that you haven’t extracted insights from yet.

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Trust Insights (trustinsights.ai) is one of the world's leading management consulting firms in artificial intelligence/AI, especially in the use of generative AI and AI in marketing. Trust Insights provides custom AI consultation, training, education, implementation, and deployment of classical regression AI, classification AI, and generative AI, especially large language models such as ChatGPT's GPT-4-omni, Google Gemini, and Anthropic Claude. Trust Insights provides analytics consulting, data science consulting, and AI consulting.

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